Stephan Ludwig Roth was born in November the 24th, 1796, in the family of the Lutheran Pastor Gottlieb Roth from Mediaş.
He attended the high school in Sibiu and the Teology College in Tübingen. Furthermore, he attended physics, chemistry, mathematics, psychology and pedagogy classes. In July 4th, 1820 he was granted the title of Ph.D. of the University of Tübingen, after he presented a thesis with a revolutionary theme for those days, “Esenţa statutului” (The Essence of Statute).
For two years, from 1818 to 1820, he cooperated with the great educationist Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, at the Special School of Yverdon, where he mastered the ideas of the great educationist, but also the modern thesis of equality of languages and of nationalities.
Stephan Ludwig Roth came back in Transylvania in 1821 as teacher at the middle school of Mediaş (currently carrying the scholars' name); in 1828 he became a vice-chancellor, and in 1831 – chancellor of same middle school. Towards the end of 1834 he faced the obtuse ideas of the local officials: his firm convictions were frowned upon by the powerful players of his time so he was excluded from the educational system. From that point on all he had left was his ecclesiastic calling, as Preacher in the Evangelical Church of Mediaş, and later on as priest in Nemşa (from 1837) and Moşna (from 1847), and the fight for his idealistic conviction that all Transylvanian people could live in harmony. Known by his fellow countrymen as „the peasant dressed as a scholar”, he left behind some extremely interesting works from a historical standpoint, of which the most important is Greschichte von Siebenbürgen (The History of Transylvania) (1846), remained as a manuscript.
In January 1849, Mr. Roth's wife passed away so he came back to Moşna holding on to a promise of amnesty from the revolutionary general Józef Bem. But in April 21st 1849 he was taken in custody and sentenced to death by shooting. The death sentence was carried out on May 11th, 1849, at Cluj.
He is buried in Mediaş where he has a monument, a memorial house and a statue in front of the school that bears his name.
"I met" Stephan Ludwig Roth in 1971 in the pages of a History lesson "bourgeois-democratic revolution since 1848-1849 in Transylvania" with the words "declare an official language is not necessary, because we already have a language of the country. There isn't German nor Hungarian, but Romanian ". Roth was a great visionary who knew better than any of the Transylvanian Saxons to take the pulse of society, political and economic transformations events that took place in Europe during that time. The 12 historical monuments are a real both cultural and Historical Infrastructure that gives these places a medieval look, particularly preferred to cultural tourism and the communities of European businessmen, which may contribute to the sustainable development of villages, preservation of cultural identity is a strategic objective for all municipal governments in the area.Read More Photo Gallery
This presentation is intended especially in connection with Nemşa taken by Roth, Alma Vii and Moşna. As a technical work we will briefly describe the 1796-1837 period targetting the cultural and historical richness of these territories of Transylvania.